Antibiotics Medicine

What are Antibiotics?

Antibiotics are a group of medicines that help treat certain bacterial infections. They work by inhibiting the growth of harmful bacteria or work by killing them. These medications help to control or eliminate bacterial infections. But, antibiotics are ineffective in treating viral infections such as the common cold or flu.

 Antibiotics are only taken when prescribed by a healthcare professional. Follow the prescribed dosage and instructions, and complete the entire course of treatment. 

 To buy your prescribed antibiotics, you can choose our online pharmacy and get them at a cost-effective price at our Indian Pharmacy.

Why do you need antibiotics?

In our body, white blood cells are capable of fighting harmful bacteria. When symptoms occur due to an infection, our immune system copes with it and fights off that infection. But, sometimes, excessive harmful bacteria may make it difficult for our immune system to fight them. In such cases, antibiotics play an important role and help us to fight against these bacterial infections effectively. 

Uses of Antibiotics

Here are some types of bacterial infections that can be effectively treated with the help of antibiotics. Under a valid prescription, you can take a suitable antibiotic for your type of infection. These are some infections caused by bacteria, and antibiotics may help them to treat:

  • Respiratory tract infection

  • Bacterial pneumonia

  • Dental infections

  • Whooping cough

  • Clostridioides difficile

  • Urinary tract infections

  • Ear and sinus infections(Otitis media)

  • Skin infections

  • Meningitis(swelling of the brain and spinal cord)

  • Bladder and kidney infections

  • Strep throat

Types of Antibiotics

These are some main types of Antibiotic medications prescribed for treating certain types of bacterial infections. To reduce the chances of antibiotic resistance, use the right antibiotic for the treatment in the right order. Your doctor will prescribe them after identifying the type of infection you have. 

The main types of antibiotics are:

  • Penicillin(Amoxicillin, flucloxacillin and phenoxymethylpenicillin)

  • Metronidazole and Tinidazole

  • Macrolides(Azithromycin, clarithromycin, clindamycin and erythromycin)

  • Quinolones(Ciprofloxacin(Ciplox), levofloxacin and norfloxacin)

  • Trimethoprim and sulfonamides(Co-trimoxazole)

  • Cephalosporins(Cefalexin, cefaclor and cefadroxil)

  • Tetracyclines(Tetracycline, lymecycline, and doxycycline)

  • Nitrofurantoin(used to treat urinary infections)

How do Antibiotics Works?

There are different ways through which antibiotic drugs work to treat bacterial infections. But these two ways are usually seen in which most antibiotics work:

A bacteriostatic class of antibiotic drugs prevents bacteria from multiplying. Thus, they help to protect our body from harmful and continuous bacterial growth and treat infections caused by them.

Whereas, A bactericidal class of antibiotics, such as penicillin, kills the bacteria. These drugs interfere with the formation of the bacterial cell wall or its cell contents. 

Antibiotics may take a few hours or days to make you feel better and completely improve your symptoms. To ensure the antibiotics work effectively for you, it is necessary to take them exactly as suggested by your doctor. 

What is Antibiotic resistance?

 Antibiotic resistance refers to the ability of bacteria to survive and grow even after the use of antibiotics. Over time the bacteria adapt and develop resistance to the antibiotics being used. And, in the end, those antibiotics are no more effective towards the bacteria that had gained resistance over an antibiotic. 

The misuse and overuse of antibiotics are generally seen as a contributor to developing antibiotic resistance. Thus, taking an antibiotic in the right way is one of the vital parts of treating any bacterial infection. 

How to take Antibiotics?

Knowing how to take your antibiotics for the best results is important. There are different forms in which antibiotics are available and taken in different ways, such as:

  • Orally(By mouth): Antibiotics are available as oral pills, liquids, or capsules.

  • Topically: Available as spray, cream, or ointments that can be applied on the skin. It might also be in ear drops, eye ointments, or ear drops.

  • Injection or intravenously (IV): In the form of injections, given when the infections are serious.

Antibiotics are prescription medications taken in instructed dosage at the suggested duration. Your doctor will suggest which antibiotic to treat your bacterial infection. After reviewing the type of infection, medical condition, and age, your doctor will suggest a treatment plan. Do not miss or skip your dose and take them until you complete the entire course of treatment. 

Side Effects of Antibiotics

Like all other medications, antibiotics may also cause some side effects during their use. Some are mild, and some may turn severe, requiring medical attention. You must inform a doctor if these symptoms do not disappear and turn serious. Here are some most common side effects that are usually seen during the use of antibiotic drugs. Note that this is not the complete list of possible side effects that antibiotic medications may cause:

  • Nausea

  • Rash

  • Yeast infections

  • Upset stomach or Stomach pain

  • Vomiting

  • itchy skin

  • Allergic reactions

  • Difficulty breathing

Less common and serious side effects of antibiotics that can be rarely seen in some people:

  • Severe allergic reaction to antibiotic drugs like penicillin and cephalosporins

  • Blood disorders while taking trimethoprim

  • Formation of kidney stones during the use of Sulphonamides

  • Sensitivity toward sunlight during the use of Tetracyclines

  • Deafness when using aminoglycosides and erythromycin

  • Abnormal blood clotting while taking Cephalosporins

Precautions and Safety measures to take while using Antibiotics

To increase the efficiency of the antibiotics, you must take them correctly. Take some necessary precautions and safety measures to make the treatment safe and effective for quick relief.

Do not take an antibiotic if you have allergic to its active ingredients. A person having a history of allergies should be more cautious while taking any drug.

Carefully follow your antibiotic prescription, and do not change your dosage yourself. Read all the details about the medication given on the patient information leaflet. 

Tell your doctor about your medical history or the medicines you already take for any other health problem. Do it before you get prescribed antibiotics while having a bacterial infection. It will help your doctor adjust the dosage, prevent interaction changes, and make the treatment safe and effective.

A person suffering from kidney disease or decreased liver function must be cautious while taking antibiotics. Sometimes dosage adjustment is necessary to may the treatment safe and suitable. But patients with kidney disease do not need to adjust the dose unless the kidney impairment is severe.

Do not stop taking your antibiotics too early, as it may leave the infection untreated. Later it may appear to be more severe and can reinfect you. So do not stop taking your antibiotic if you feel better after a few days. Complete the entire course of treatment and inform your doctor before you stop taking your medicines. 

Do not share your antibiotics with others due to the same symptoms they are having that you had. Take antibiotics only when a doctor prescribes them after reviewing your symptoms. Do start taking an antibiotic without a prescription.

Avoid using other medicines or herbal remedies without consulting a doctor while taking antibiotics.

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